The Mettoy (Metal Toy) company was founded in 1933 byGermanémigréPhilip Ullmann inNorthampton, England, where he was later joined bySouth African-bornGermanArthur Katz, who had previously worked for Ullmann at his toy company Tipp and Co ofNuremberg. They decided to market a range of toy vehicles as competition toMeccano'sDinky Toysmodel vehicles, which had dominated the British market for many years. Corgi Toys were introduced in the UK in July 1956 and were manufactured inSwansea,Wales, for 27 years before the company went into liquidation. A management buy-out re-formed the company as Corgi Toys Limited in March 1984. In 1989, the management sold the Corgi brand to Mattel and the factory was retained under the name of Microlink Industries Ltd. In 1995, Corgi regained its independence as a new company,Corgi Classics Limited, and moved to new premises in Leicester.
The range was exported worldwide and sold in large numbers. Some of the best known and most popular models were of cars made famous in film and television such as theBatmobile,Chitty Chitty Bang BangandJames Bond'sAston Martin DB5– which remains the largest selling toy car ever produced. Although the largest single vehicle type featured in the Corgi Toys range were models of cars from manufacturers around the world, this article sub-divides vehicles into genres, wherever possible, to allow a more detailed look at the variety of models produced by the company.
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